The Water-Cooled House designed by Wallflower Architecture + Design is located in Singapore. To fully appreciate the visually rich natural environment and stretch the potential for visual depth and distance, the main living room and study are located in a pavilion on the second storey. Visitors are guided to the living pavilion above via a spiral staircase that touches down within the entrance foyer. Above, a dark reflecting pond surrounds the pavilion to refine and frame the experience of isolation. The second storey pond is also designed to thermally insulate the dining, bedrooms and family spaces underneath from solar heat gain.
The first storey residential and household service functions are delineated by a long continuous light and air well that is paralleled on the ground by a similarly long and continuous koi pond. As with the second storey pond, the air well and first storey koi pond is also designed to facilitate the micro-cooling of first storey rooms and spaces. The pathway doubles as a conduit for prevailing breezes; the koi pond’s thirty metre length and two metre width exposes a sixty square-metre surface to those breezes for evaporative cooling.