Designed by gmp von Gerkan, Marg und Partner, National Museum is located in Beijing, China. In 1959, ten major public buildings were commissioned for Tian’anmen Square in Beijing, in close proximity to imperial palace The Forbidden City, many of which are now viewed as key milestones in China’s architectural journey. Several years ago, ten international practices including OMA, Kohn Pedersen Fox and Foster + Partners were invited to generate outstanding designs to reinvigorate the dominating National Museum of China in the Square, converting and extending the former Chinese History Museum and Chinese National Museum.
The competition was won by Hamburg-based firm gmp Architekten which suggested gutting the existing museum structure, removing a central block and inserting a bronze flying roof into the void. This flying roof was designed to house a permanent exhibition on Chinese history and would provide far-reaching views over the city, however the client and associated Chinese architectural experts felt that the concept needed certain revisions.