Founded in 1860 Marqués de Riscal is an extremely established winery in Rioja, Spain. Marqués de Riscal was completely transformed by leading architect Frank Gehry (responsible for the Guggenheim in Bilbao). At a cost of €70 million a state-of-the-art hotel was created – it has become an inspirational, design led, building set within this traditional landscape. Flowing wine is symbolised by layered, purple flecked metallic sheets blazing in the heat. The hotel is a haven for guests offering accommodation and a vinotherapy spa, using grape-based treatments; the on-site restaurant offers an elite selection of wines including its complex, savoury Reserva made from a blend of Tempranillo, Graciano and Mazuelo grapes paired with modern Basque-Riojan cuisine.
The Marqués de Riscal is the architectural design that falls within the style of Deconstructivism. Deconstructivism, also known as DeCon Architecture, is often referred to as post-structuralist in nature for its ability to go beyond current modalities of structural definition. In architecture, its application tends to depart from modernism in its inherent criticism of culturally inherited givens such as societal goals and functional necessity. Because of this, unlike early modernist structures, DeCon structures are not required to reflect specific social or universal ideas, such as speed or universality of form, and they do not reflect a belief that form follows function.